The Asian or Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus) is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed in Southeast Asia from India in the west to Borneo in the east.
New world monkeys like the spider monkey are more primitive than old world monkeys. Their brains are less complex, their thumbs are not opposable and their nostrils are further apart.
Its eyes are physically adapted for speed, enabling it to spot distant prey and follow it with pinpoint precision before racing in to kill.
Giraffes inhabit savanna country where there are Acacia and climbing leguminous plants. They are found in Africa south of the Sahara to Cape Town.
Goats were domesticated earlier than cattle, the family to which they belong, and the history of their use by man goes back about 3,000 years.
The Golden lion tamarin is a very active and vocal little primate. However, except for squeals of alarm when threatened by superiors, all of the vocalizations are soft, faint calls.
Like other rodents, the guinea pig has long incisors, which grow constantly to compensate for wear. Only the front surfaces bear enamel and, since the inner surfaces of the incisors wear down more quickly, they remain bevel-edged.
Hippos arrive at the water pool before sunrise and leave after dark. In the grass the hippos spread out and graze alone, except for females and their calves, who stay close together most of the night.
The tongue’s upper surface has small bumps on it which enables the lion to hold on to meat while eating and to remove parasites when grooming.
The Sumatran tiger is found only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra in habitat that ranges from lowland forest to sub mountain and mountain forest including some peat moss forests.