rupicola peruvianus

Andean Cock-Of-The-Rock

About Me

Scientific Name: Rupicola peruvianus

Description

The Andean cock-of-the-rock (Rupicola peruvianus), also known as tunki, is a large passerine bird of the cotinga family native to Andean cloud forests in South America. It is widely regarded as the national bird of Peru. It has four subspecies and its closest relative is the Guianan cock-of-the-rock.

Fun Facts
  • Throughout the year males practice an elaborate dance which is performed to attract females.
  • They live at altitudes between 485 and 2,440 m (1,590 – 8,000 ft.)
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Passeriformes

Both males and females are famous for their orange plumage and feathery head crests, though these are more noticeable in the male, which also boasts striking black feathers to contrast the orange. Males also have yellow beaks and toes, while females have gray.

This is the national bird of Peru, and can be found in the longitudinal cloud forests of the Andes in north-western South America.

Males can most often be found displaying in designated areas called leks where they hop up and down while making low croaking noises, to impress females.

These birds eat mostly fruit and insects, with the occasional small frog or mammal. When not at a lek, they can most often be found foraging at their favorite fruit trees.

Andean Cock-of-the-Rocks are named for their preference to build their mud cup nests on stony ledges. Up to two eggs are laid and incubated for a month until they hatch.

Andean Cock-of-the-Rocks are considered a species of least concern. They still exist over a wild range of their native habitat, and although population surveys have not been conducted, they are believed to be abundant in number.

Our birds share a large free-flight aviary exhibit with Roseatte Spoonbills, Scarlet Ibis, Laughing Gulls, and other South American birds. Our male is kept physically separate from our female for population control, however, they are able to maintain contact and interact visually and vocally.

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