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Siamang Photo: Bryan Thompson
Zoo Conservation Programs
American Zoo and Aquarium Association - Founded in 1924 as the AAZPA (American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums) to support membership excellence in conservation, education, science, and recreation. See attached for 1994 statistics on the organization.
Species Survival Plan - A cooperative program designed to maintain a viable population of a species in captivity. The ultimate goal of a SSP program is to utilize the captive population to prevent the extinction of the species in the wild.Honolulu Zoo Species Currently in SSP
Birds: Bali mynah, Crowned pigeon, Palm cockatoo, Red-crowned crane (currently on loan to other zoos)
Reptiles: Radiated tortoises
Mammals: Cheetah, White rhinoceros, Black lemur, Sumatran tiger, Black rhinoceros Ruffed lemur, African wild dog, Golden lion tamarin, White-handed gibbon, Sunbear, Asian elephant, Siamang gibbon, Chimpanzee, Francois langur monkey
International Species Inventory System - A worldwide computer database on captive animals. Zoos report to ISIS via the ARKS (Animal Record Keeping System) software. The central data collection point is located at the Minnesota Zoological Gardens.
Similar to ARKS but documents the medical history of a specimen.
Genealogy of an animal within a captive species. Used for population analyses and breeding recommendations.
Taxon Advisory Group - Plans strategies for the development of a regional collection plan. They evaluate current taxonomic groups in North America, prioritize species for captive programs, and recommend species for which new studbooks should be developed.
Faunal Interest Group - Coordinates the conservation activities in specific geographical regions of the world, e.g. Madagascar, Zaire, Indonesia, etc.
The Honolulu Zoo falls under the jurisdiction of USDA-APHIS/VS (US Dept. of Agriculture-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service/Veterinary Services) which enforces the Animal Welfare Act. The Zoo is usually inspected annually by a federal veterinarian (more often if other issues come up) to insure that we meet the standards as stated in the Animal Welfare Act for mammals. Upon meeting the standards, we are issued an exhibitor’s license which allows us to display animals to the public.
The USDA-APHIS/VS also inspects animal shipments for the Honolulu Zoo going to and arriving from foreign countries to insure that the proper health documents are accompanying the shipment and that the required pre-import/export testing has been completed.